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Expeditionary Infrastucture

A civil disaster response or military deployment requires 2 types of support

  • Operational Support

  • Life Support


Operational Support

This is equipment/systems specifically tailored for the operational role of the camp/deployment and may not be required for every deployment and the Sandesign team has been involved with all aspects of their development. These are usually provided as containerised equipment to meet the requirements of most operational roles from single person to large numbers.


Examples of these are:

  • Head Quarters

  • Command and control

  • Communications

  • Security (both Civil and military camps images have boundary walls)

  • Medical

  • Power


Supporting the bespoke systems should be modular shelters which can be easily be configured to act in any of a number of roles to support the operational role.  These will be re-utilised and configured on most deployments and can be delivered as containers or tented structures. Examples of the types of role that these can be configured for include:

  • Offices

  • Community centres

  • Accommodation

  • Rest Areas


Life Support

The life support elements are mandatory to support personnel life with humans requiring only 3 elements to survive:

  • Food,

  • Water

  • Shelter


On many deployment this is overlooked and often added as a last resort. The type of support should be configured to the size and duration of deployment to ensure no excessive logistical burden but sufficient support.


After establishment of an initial set up it should be re-configured/ replaced with equipment to act in a more permanent role.


Examples of what is required to support a normal deployment in both civil and military domains are:

  • Feeding

    • Kitchen and food preparation,

    • Food storage (frozen, refrigeration, ambient)

    • Large mess hall

  • Water

    • 13lt/man/day (hygiene),  5lt/man/day drinking

    • Storage and distribution

    • Filtration/ bottling / collection

  • Accommodation (soft walled)

    • Lighting and power distribution

  • Hygiene/washing

    • Toilets and showers

Sandesign engineers have specific expertise in life support and hygiene systems.  Past experience has included the development of a range of systems from first entry systems (in small boxes for small numbers of personnel and for short term deployment), through to semi-permanent large camp systems for large numbers of personnel and long term deployment.  


All of these above solutions have been offered by our customer through Sandesign and our key selected partners.



Sandesign has worked with several key customer to provide an extensive range of solutions suited to support large or small numbers of personnel in a deployed environment. Solutions have primarily been based on ISO containerised equipment supported by modular shelters (often tented) delivered by selected key partners.

Our deployable infrastructure solutions have been scaleable and modular to allow configuration to the size and role of the deployment. 


Our experienced engineers can help with all aspects of design, planning, logistics and deployment of a customers' expeditionary infrastructure.

Experience gained from the delivery to the UN and UK military suggests that there are large similarities between military tier 1 forward operational bases (FOBs) and civilian UN disaster relief and camps.  The key considerations for both civil and military deployments are:

  • Quick response

  • Deployment for a limited time

  • Deployment to Aide recovery / support of an area and to provide support to own personnel

  • Balanced for type and duration of deployment

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